AI Proposes the Best Radiation Treatment Plans in Clinical Practice for the First Time

CWI researchers, together with the department of radiation oncology of Amsterdam UMC, have developed software based on AI that quickly proposes multiple radiation treatment plans for each patient. Amsterdam UMC has treated the first patient with a plan proposed by the new AI on March 17, 2020.

Radiation is one of the most important treatments for cancer. Usually it takes doctors quite some time to design a radiation treatment plan for a specific patient. However, it takes the new software only a few minutes to come up with a whole range of treatment plans.

The software functions as a type of ‘route planner’ for the doctor: it presents multiple plans based on the data of the patient that represent trade-offs between giving sufficient radiation doses to the tumor with as little damage possible to the surrounding organs. This not only helps the doctors to make plans faster, it will also improve plan quality.

The innovative technique will be used for the treatment of prostate cancer with internal radiation.

Research and Development

In the research and development stages, a blind test was performed with a team of radiation oncologists, showing both plans previously made and used in the clinic and new AI-made plans for the same patients. The new AI technique proved highly successful with radiation oncologists preferring an AI-based plan in 98% of the cases.

Peter Bosman, senior researcher at CWI’s Life Sciences and Health group and project leader: “Our form of AI delivers a spectrum of plans very fast, that represents the trade-offs between delivering sufficient radiation dose with as little damage to surrounding tissue as possible. This gives immediate insight into what is feasible for a specific patient. This relieves doctors from undertaking a complex approach to configuring a treatment plan using existing software that requires intensive human-computer interaction.”

Check out more on the new AI technique.

YouTube video about the project (in Dutch).

Interview with Peter Bosman in Bits&Chips (in Dutch).


Read More

  • Peter Boncz appointed ACM Fellow

    CWI researcher Peter Boncz has been appointed as one of the 2022 fellows of the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM).

  • Winners of the ADS Thesis Awards 2022

    The ADS Thesis Award winners for 2022 are Philipp Sommerhalter and Sarah Kwakkelaar in the BSc category and Krijn Doekemeijer and Julia Sudnik for the MSc category. The winners were announced at the ADS Highlights Event on the 8th of December 2022!

  • Symposium in honor of Cees de Laat and Leon Gommans

    A symposium entitled ‘From Systems and Networks to Complex Cyber Infrastructures’ took place on 9th December 2022 in honor of Cees de Laat (UvA IvI) and Leon Gommans (UvA IvI).